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Jewish Synagogue

The Trieste Synagogue was built in 1908-12 to the plans of Ruggero Berlam, in collaboration with his son Arduino, replacing four earlier smaller synagogues.
Sinagoga Tempio Israelitico
The Jewish temple in Trieste is one of the largest in Europe. In fact, when it was built, the Jewish community in Trieste had more than 5,000 members and played an important role in the city's economic and cultural life.

The community had grown to 6,000 members by 1938, but after the proclamation of the Racial Laws by Mussolini (in Unità di Italia Square, no less, in 1938) and the German occupation in 1943, the Nazis began harsh roundups and persecutions. In fact, the only concentration camp in Italy was built at the Risiera di San Sabba (San Sabba Rice Mill), and 710 Jews were deported from the city.
At the end of the war, in 1945, only 2,300 Jews remained in Trieste. Today, the Jewish community has approximately 700 members.

Sinagoga Tempio Israelitico
But the Jewish community has very deep roots.
The oldest official document that mentions a Jewish settlement in Trieste, albeit a small one, is dated 1236 and consists of a notary act that mentions the Jew Daniel David of Trieste, who spent 500 marks to fight thieves on the Karst plateau.

From an architectural perspective, the synagogue is rather original - it features Middle Eastern-inspired decorations and stylized Jewish symbols.
The large central dome can only be glimpsed from a distance, while the half-dome and small side domes are visible from the square and nearby streets.

 

Sinagoga Tempio Israelitico (Jewish Synagogue)

via S. Francesco d'Assisi, 19


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